No... RCP apps will not run on Android. As far as I'm aware RCP is based on JFace / SWT which has no present equivalent on Android. I don't spend much time in Eclipse land so to speak, but that would be my general understanding.
Eclipse Equinox may be another matter which is an OSGi runtime / container. However, I'm using Apache Felix OSGi runtime, more precisely Apache Felix Karaf as the OSGi runtime / container for TyphonRT, so I can't directly comment on Equinox on Android. TyphonRT is a cross-platform component architecture / middleware for Java real time app / game dev and more.
If you have an OSGi app that doesn't depend on RCP you can conceivably get it running on Android if there are no desktop only API/bundle dependencies.
Founder & Principal Architect; EGR Software LLC